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Normally our eyes move symmetrically in the same direction. Each of our eyes has six extraocular muscles that enable them to move. These are superior rectus muscle, inferior rectus muscle, lateral rectus muscle, medial rectus muscle, superior oblique muscle, and inferior oblique muscle. When our eyes do not move symmetrically, and if at least one of these muscles weakness or excessive power, strabismus appears. Strabismus can be seen as a permanent or temporary, congenital or acquired disorder in children and adults. It can be in one or both eyes and the deviation can be inward, outward, or in any direction. In case of a cross-eye condition, two different images appear in our brain. Our brain perceives this deviated image, and this causes loss of vision. As in all treatments, early diagnosis is very important in strabismus treatment. Strabismus examination can be performed on children of all ages; however, it should be performed on especially children under the age of four. Inability to achieve early diagnosis will create aesthetic and psychological problems. Besides these, it will also cause life-long vision problems. In strabotomy operations, the power of the extraocular muscles around the eyeballs are increased, reduced or the points where they are effective are changed. Strabismus operations can be performed under local anesthesia, but usually general anesthesia is preferred. For this reason, it will not be an operation requiring you to stay in the hospital for a long time. After the surgery, you will rest for a few hours and then become able to go home. Since self-dissolving sutures will be used on your eye, you will not need to come to the hospital for the removal of the sutures.

What are the signs and symptoms of strabismus?

Loss of symmetry in the positions of the eyes, double vision, headache, lacrimation, loss of three-dimensional vision, blurred vision, and tilting head to the side are the most common signs and symptoms of strabismus.

What are the types of strabismus?

Strabismus is given different names depending on the direction of the eye misalignment. The types of strabismus are called esotropia (i.e. inward strabismus), exotropia (i.e. outward strabismus), hypotropia (i.e. upward strabismus), and hypertropia (i.e. downward strabismus).

Does strabismus appear genetically?

Strabismus is a disease that occurs in occurs in approximately 2% to 4% of the population. Genetic predisposition is known to be a particular factor in for its occurrence. Therefore, if there are individuals who have strabismus, poor vision, or who wear eyeglasses in your family, you should not neglect to get examined as soon as possible.

Is early diagnosis important in surgery?

As in all diseases and surgeries, early diagnosis is very important in strabismus treatment. Strabismus does not cause only deterioration of eyesight and amblyopia. If it is not diagnosed early, it can lead to very important eye diseases or tumors. Strabismus begins at an early age. The later its treatment is started, the more difficult its treatment will be.

How is strabotomy performed on infants?

The surgical procedure performed on infants is not different from the surgical procedure performed on adults. However, there are several adjustments required to be made during the surgery planning, in accordance with the age of the baby as well as the characteristics of his/her eye.



Cataract is the most common problem among eye problems. In a healthy eye, the lens is transparent, and gives a clear vision. However, if the lenses look cloudy, opaque and an unclear, such a condition is called ‘cataract’. Cataract is not a condition that can be eliminated by using eyeglasses and medications. Surgery is the only treatment option for cataract. Cataract surgery is today a painless procedure that can be performed without injections and anesthesia. The patient can go home immediately after surgery. There are two things you need to consider before having cataract surgery. The first is the experience of your physician, and the second is the quality of the lens to be placed in the eye. If the lens is poor-quality, postoperative problems may occur in the eyes. Cataract is a disease usually seen in middle-aged and older people. However, it is also a disease that occurs in newborn babies, people who have used steroid drugs for a certain period of time, diabetic patients and people who have suffered physical impacts to their eye. Cataract causes certain signs and symptoms including vision loss, blurred vision, loss of night time vision, sensitivity to glare, double vision, fading and yellowing of colors, and difficulty in reading. Apart from these, vision disorders associated with eyeglasses problems are confused with cataracts. If a blurred vision problem experienced when looking from short or long distance is solved by wearing glasses, it is not related to cataract. A cataractous eye sees inefficaciously and blurred despite wearing eyeglasses.

How is a cataract surgery performed and how long does it take?

Cataract surgery is a painless procedure that can be performed without injections and anesthesia. Microsurgery is needed in a cataract surgery. In this surgical procedure performed without suturing process, first a 2.2 mm incision is made in the eye. Then the inside of the eye lens that has lost its transparency is cleaned with the help of a device emitting ultrasonic sound waves. The artificial lens is inserted into the eye, and then the surgery is completed without needing to suture the incision site because it involves a small incision. The duration of operation varies depending on the type of cataract. However, it takes 15 to 30 minutes on average. When the preoperative and postoperative periods of cataract surgery are taken into account, the time you will need to spend in the hospital is 3 hours on average.

What is the right time for cataract surgery?

Cataract surgery does not require waiting. When a cataract reaches a certain level, our visual acuity becomes poorer to an uncomfortable extent. It would be appropriate to have the surgery when the problem is at that level. If you are in a bad condition such as diabetes and high eye pressure, you may need to be operated at an earlier stage. If you wait for having a cataract surgery, your intra-ocular lens will become opaque as well as harder. It is a little more difficult to break the cataract in cases of hard cataracts. Therefore, it would be best to have the surgery once you notice the cataract.

How long does a cataract surgery take, and what is the length of time required to recover from it? Will sutures be placed on my eye?

The length of your recovery period after cataract surgery varies depending on the difficulty level of your surgery and the hardness of the cataract. You begin to see clearly within a couple of days to a week after surgery. With today’s technology, cataract surgeries give very successful results. Since it involves a micro incision, there will be no need to suture the incision on the eye.

Can my both eyes be operated in the same cataract surgery? Do I need to stay in the hospital after the surgery?

In cataract surgeries, the possibility of infection should be considered and two eye surgeries should not be performed within the same day. If the both eyes need to be operated, you will have to wait for 2 days for the other operation. There is no need to stay in the hospital after cataract surgery because these surgeries can be applied on an outpatient basis. It will be adequate to rest for a few hours after surgery.

Do I need to wear glasses after cataract surgery?

In cataract surgery, a single-focus lens implant is placed on the eye. The lens is adjusted in such a way as to correct distance vision. You will not need to wear eyeglasses for distance vision, but you will need to wear glasses for near vision. As long as you prefer, a multi-focused lens implant can be placed on your eye during cataract surgery. With this lens, you can see both near and far very comfortably.

Lasik Surgery

Lasik Surgery

Lasik treatment is a procedure performed to treat focusing disorders. The Lasik treatment procedure begins with the numbing of the cornea located at the outermost part of the eye. A few drops of medication would be adequate for numbing. By this means, the patient suffers no pain during treatment. A thin flap is then removed from the transparent layer of the eye, and laser beam is applied to the layer. The flap is placed back in its place, and the procedure is ended. This treatment takes about 2 to 3 minutes for each eye. After Lasik treatment, the patient does not need to stay in the hospital and can be discharged after an examination. During this process, the patient may experience certain problems such as pain, blurred vision, watering eye, and stinging sensation in the eyes for several hours. Anyone who has turned 18, and whose eye-glasses number has not changed in the last year, are a suitable candidate for Lasik treatment. If the patient wears contact lenses, he/she needs to stop wearing them several weeks before the lasik treatment. Lasik is a treatment procedure performed to treat myopia, astigmatism and hypermetropia. What is important in this treatment is the suitability of the eye structure rather than the eye-glasses number. It will be adequate to use medications for a week after the Lasik treatment. You should protect your eyes from water contact and wear appropriate sunglasses more frequently for a period of a month after the operation.

How is the lasik procedure performed? Will I feel pain?

A thin flap is lifted from the top of the cornea layer, and then laser is applied to the layer to correct the defects, and then the flap is placed back in its place. You will feel no pain during the operation, thanks to anesthetic drops to be applied to your eyes. The eyelids will be kept open during the operation, by means of lid openers. Since you will not be able to see the laser beam at that moment, you will be asked to look at the red light. You will feel no discomfort or pain in your healing process after the operation.

What is the appropriate age range for laser treatment?

This treatment procedure is not performed on people under 18 years of age. The lower age limit is 18 but there is no upper age limit. However, as age progresses, you will need to have eye examinations to know if this treatment is suitable for you.

How long does a lasik surgery take? Does bleeding occur during surgery?

Lasik surgery takes about 2 to 3 minutes for each eye. The surgery will involve no difficulty because it will last too short. Since the veinless cornea layer of the eye will be operated, bleeding will not occur. You will feel no pain because the procedure will be performed under anesthesia. However, you may experience pain, eye watering and stinging sensation in the eye for a period of 5 to 6 hours after surgery.

Would it be risky to move my head and eyes during the lasik operation?

Moving your head and eyes during the operation will pose no risk. The most important feature of lasik operation is its ability to ensure your safety at the highest level, by means of its eye tracking system. This is because our eyes will move unintentionally, no matter how we will be careful not to move them. For achieving this, the eye needs to be precisely centered. Even if your eye then moves, the laser beam will move in the same direction. When you move also your head with your eye, the procedure will be stopped. Once your doctor properly positions your head, the procedure will resume.

What will I experience after lasik treatment? What are the points to take into consideration?

Because your eyes will not be covered with bandages after lasik treatment, you will be able to be discharged the same day. If you apply the eye drops regularly and do not touch your eyes in the first postoperative 24 hours, you will recover very quickly. It is normal to feel a mild pain, stinging sensation and watering in the eyes for a few hours after the operation. Once you get through this process, you can get back to you your daily life, and can go to work the next day. Wearing sunglasses more carefully after the operation will protect you against the sun’s rays.


Aesthetic Dentistry

Our teeth are very important for us because even the slightest problem with the appearance of our teeth may unfavorably affect our social life. Good-looking teeth have a positive effect on people’s lives. If you have an eye-catching smile, it makes you high in self-confidence, and enhances your social communication. Problems affecting the smile of an individual are gaps between the teeth, distortions, darkened teeth, problems with the gums, discolored crowns and darkened dental fillers. Laminates (i.e. veneers made of porcelain), porcelain fillers and full ceramic crowns are among the most commonly applied materials in aesthetic dentistry. In addition, determining the smile that is best suited to your face is another particular issue. First, the physician examines the patient to determine the tooth size and tooth shape that suit the patient’s face, and see the relation between the teeth. Then, clinical photographs are taken of patient, joint decisions are made in consultation with him/her, and then the procedure is performed. In this process, the procedure is performed by considering the patient’s teeth, mouth condition, and expectations. Some of the procedures in aesthetic dentistry are teeth whitening, implant placement, orthodontic treatments, endodontics (i.e. root canal treatment), and laser treatment. All of these procedures are performed under physician’s control.

What are the objectives of aesthetic dentistry?

The general objective of aesthetic dentistry is to design healthy smiles suitable for the person. If you have shapeless teeth, the objectives of aesthetic dentistry include: to correct such teeth by achieving a natural appearance; to reveal a nice smile with healthy teeth and gums after all treatments; and to achieve a natural appearance for smiles with aesthetically beautiful teeth.

When should implant treatment be performed?

In aesthetic dentistry, implant treatment is performed in cases of partial and complete missing teeth. If you have lost one or more teeth, dental implants used in such cases can be applied with intent to substitute them. If dentures cannot be kept in place and if the patient has nauseous reflexes caused by dentures in case of complete missing teeth, implant treatment is performed.

Why do teeth lose their whiteness, and is there any age limit for teeth whitening?

There are many factors for the loss of teeth whiteness. The principal ones of these factors include old age, consumption of certain substances that colors the teeth such as coffee, cigarettes, coke, etc., discolored crowns and fillers, traumas, antibiotics used during pregnancy, and fluoride consumption. The teeth whitening procedure can be performed on many people; however, it is not recommended for people younger than 16 because their neural structure is not suitable for it. In addition, pregnant women and those who have excessive tooth sensitivity should also avoid teeth whitening treatment.

What are the conditions that require root canal treatment?

If you have dental caries expending in the course of time, you may feel pains that may initially be mild but then gradually get worse. There are pulp, blood, lymphatic tissue and nerve in the tooth structure. The pulp dies if it gets damaged and unable to renew itself, and also creates a considerable inflammation. With root canal treatment, the unhealthy pulp is removed from its place, and then the canal is treated. A root canal treatment should be concluded with the minimum number of sessions.

In which situations is orthodontic treatment performed?

If you have dental and facial deformities, orthodontic treatment is a diagnosis and treatment utilized in such a process. Orthodontic treatment usually involves the use of regulative apparatus such as brackets. When these apparatus are used regularly, the teeth are corrected, dental deformities and misaligned jaw disorders are eliminated, and the teeth and lips are aligned properly.


PRP Method

PRP refers to a natural plasma liquid with a high concentration of platelets, extracted from the patient’s own blood. Platelets are very special blood cells that ensure the healing of tissues and blood clotting.  They also secrete restorative factors by activating themselves when they interact with a damaged tissue. Hair transplant with the PRP method is a procedure that is still developing and revolutionizing modern medicine. PRP is a method highly preferred for rejuvenating the skin, removing acne scars, healing wounds, and treating hair loss. Hair transplant with PRP allows for faster wound healing, and accelerates hair growth. Hair transplant procedures performed with the PRP method revitalize your weakened hair follicles and thin hair strands that look like lanugo, and as a result, you regain your healthy hair. The PRP method is a procedure performed in hospital. In PRP-supported hair transplantation, first the blood to be taken from you by your doctor is subjected to the necessary processes, and then the obtained PRP is injected into your hair follicles. All these steps are completed in approximately 30 minutes. In the area where PRP has been applied, first tissue development is observed, and then the weak hair follicles are repaired. Consequently, the weak hair follicles turn into strong hear. Hair transplant with the PRP method is a method that gives good results in both women and men.

How is PRP produced in a hair transplant procedure?

Before treatment, a blood sample of 10 to 20 ml is taken from the person to be treated with PRP. The blood sample is separated from red blood cells by means of specially developed methods. After this procedure, materials rich in platelet and thrombocyte are extracted. Obtained material can be applied to the hair follicles. After the PRP application, the hair follicles repair themselves and begin to regain their original healthy state. The PRP method is a pain-free method that does not require hospital stay. It is definitely not a surgical procedure. The PRP method is carried out in about 2 to 3 minutes. Since it does not cause any postoperative swelling or bruise, the patient can get back to his/her daily life.

What are the benefits of the PRP method for the hair?

PRP is a method that can be applied to the hair, neck, face and cleavage. The PRP method is an extremely simple and safe treatment procedure performed by taking patients’ own blood cells. Making the thin hair denser, thickening the hair follicles, revitalizing the hair and making it more voluminous can definitely be listed first among the principal benefits of PRP for the hair. The results of the PRP method become long-lasting. PRP is a method that supports all the vital functions of the skin and helps remove wrinkles and lines by rejuvenating the skin instead of filling it.

On whom is the hair transplant procedure performed with the PRP method? -Does it have side effects?

The PRP method can be used in anyone who suffers from genetic or seasonal hair loss, and whose hair has become thin and weak. Since the blood used in the PRP method is the patient’s own blood, there is no risk of any allergic reaction or infection.

Can hair transplant be performed with the PRP and FUE methods?

The use of the PRP method in conjunction with the FUE during the hair transplant procedure is very beneficial. In a hair transplant procedure performed in this way, grafts will be transplanted more healthily; and the donor area and the channels opened for hair transplant will recover more quickly. These two methods are definitely known to be the last point reached in the field of hair transplant.

Why should I prefer the PRP hair treatment?

If you experience hair weakening, hair loss, and hair thinning problems, you are a suitable candidate for PRP treatment. PRP therapy is a procedure performed on an outpatient basis, in successive sessions. It is completed in 2 to 3 minutes. The most important factor that requires you to prefer the PRP-supported hair transplant procedure is its capability to give extremely successful results. After operations performed with the PRP method, tissues heal and support the hair growth. For this reason, you can easily prefer the PRP-supported hair transplant procedure.


FUE Method

Among the methods used for hair transplant, the FUE method is the most successful one (the number one). FUE, i.e. Follicular Unit Extraction indicates the way of harvesting hair follicles. In other words, it describes us that the hair follicles are harvested one by one. The FUE method is a procedure, in which the scalp is numbed through anesthesia, and then hair follicles are harvested and transplanted to the bold areas one by one, with the help of a micro-motor equipped with a special punch. The most important thing to pay attention to during hair transplant with the FUE method is the placement of the hair follicles by considering their growing directions. The more accurate this procedure is performed, the more natural the hair will look. With the FUE method, 4000 to 7000 hair strands are harvested from the donor area and transplanted to their new place in a session. Since the Fue method involves no incisions, it does not require suturing. This is a method that enables the patient to feel more comfortable during both the operation and the healing period. It is one of the most preferred methods because leaves no surgical scar. Operations with the FUE method are performed under local anesthesia, by allowing for breaks during sessions.

Does the FUE method leave a scar? Will I feel pain?

Since the FUE method involves no incisions and sutures, it leaves no scars. In the FUE method that provides comfort during the healing process, complete recovery will be observed after two days. In procedures performed with the FUE method, you will feel no pain either during or after the operation. After you have hair transplant, you can sleep in any position you want, and it will not damage your hair follicles. Because no nerves and veins will be damaged during the operation, you will not experience a long-lasting numbness.

Can the direction of hair growth be adjusted in the FUE method?

Thanks to the FUE technique, your hair follicles are transplanted in a way to ensure that they will grow to the right, left, backward and forward, with angles from 30 to 35 degrees. Therefore, your hair will grow in these transplant directions. With the FUE technique, hair tissues are ensured to grow without damaging the hair follicles harvested from the scalp. The difference of the FUE technique from other procedures manifests itself at this point. The technique allows for rapid tissue harvesting and also supports rapid healing because it involves fine holes.

What are the donor areas for harvesting hair follicles in procedures performed with the FUE method?

What is important in hair transplant operations is to harvest healthy hair roots, which look dense and aesthetically beautiful, and then transplant them to the bold areas. This procedure is more successfully performed in the FUE method.

How natural does hair transplanted with the FUE method look?

The Fue method is a method that helps provide the most natural appearance. After the operation, your hair will look extremely natural and recover its original form. The biggest factor for this is that the hair follicles are your own follicles. The hair color and structure belong to you; and therefore, they will not look different from others.

Do I need to buzzcut my hair for being able to have hair transplant with the FUE method?

If you will have hair transplant with the FUE method, you need to shorten the hair strands in the donor area. This allows for harvesting higher number of follicles from the donor area, and making them better proportioned to each other. However, if hair transplant is performed with the FUE method in women, the donor area is shaved finely. After the operation, the area can be easily concealed by combing the hair towards that area.


Hair Transplant

Hair transplant is the procedure that involves the transplantation of permanent hair in people with partial or complete baldness due to various factors such as genetic structure, metabolic and structural causes, stress, drug use, etc. Many techniques have been used in hair transplant operations performed up to now. In the early history of hair transplant, harvesting inadequate hair follicles have caused unnatural appearances and wound formation. However, today such problems are not experienced and very successful hair transplant operations are performed thanks to the advanced technology. Scar formation is no longer seen, more hair follicles are transplanted, and the most natural looking results are achieved. Hair transplant is a procedure consisting of many stages. These stages are pre-operative stage, operation stage, and post-operative stage. Hair transplant also consists of 3 separate stages in itself, in terms of operational steps. The first is the stage of follicle harvesting, the second is the stage of opening the channels where the follicles will be placed, and the third is the stage of transplantation of follicles. During hair transplant operation, hair grafts are harvested from the back of the patient’s scalp, and then they are transplanted to the regions where they are intended to be transplanted. Grafts can also be harvested form the patient’s back and chest regions, by considering whether they are suitable for the procedure. Thanks to hair transplant, boldness can be eliminated, and you can regain your denser hair.

What are the points that I should take into consideration before hair transplant?

Hair transplant is a procedure useful for hair losses in the site of surgical sutures, male pattern hair loss, female pattern hair loss, and hair losses caused by genetic factors, accidents, diseases, aging, and rapid weight loss. If you have decided to have hair transplant, and if the time of the operation has been determined, you should stop taking aspirin, alcohol, vitamin E, and blood thinners at least one week before the operation. You will also stop smoking if you smoke.

How many hours does hair transplant take?

The operation time of hair transplant varies depending on the number of hair transplant sessions, and the number of grafts to be transplanted. The operation time usually ranges from 4 to 8 hours. In the process of hair transplant, the operation is not performed ceaselessly. Breaks are taken as desired, for allowing the patient to meet his/her personal needs. During the hair transplant, the patient can watch TV, listen to music, read newspapers, books and magazines.

Will I feel pain during the hair transplant operation?

Hair transplantation is performed under local anesthesia. The patient just feels the moment when anesthesia is given. The patient will feel no pain after the site of donor hair follicles and the area of hair transplant are numbed. If you have mild postoperative pains, you can easily control them by using painkillers to be recommended by your doctor.

When will the transplanted hair begin to grow after the operation?

The transplanted hair will fall out 15 to 20 days after the hair transplant operation. This should be considered as a normal situation. The first hair will begin to appear 3 months after the hair transplant operation. In the 6th month after hair transplant, approximately 75% of the transplanted hair is observed to be recovered. The hair will grow about 1 cm per month. A year after the operation, all the transplanted hair will have been recovered. The hair may initially appear slightly weak, pale and curly. However, the hair will look like that because it will be its first growth stage. The transplanted hair will get thicker and return to your own hair form over time.

What are the points that I should take into consideration after hair transplant? Will the transplanted hair fall out?

You can easily wash your hair 3 days after the hair transplant operation. However, should not swim in the pool or the sea, for a period of 2 to 3 weeks. After the hair transplant operation, you should be careful about protecting the transplantation area from exposure to intense sunlight. After having hair transplant, you should regularly wash your hair on a daily basis, in order to eliminate the scab formations on your scalp. Such scab formations last for about ten days, and then disappear without leaving any scar. You should wash your hair extremely delicately, and avoid using your nails. After washing your hair, you can dry it with only a clean, soft towel, without using a hair dryer. In addition, you should not worry thinking that you will lose the transplanted hair. This is because the transplanted hair follicles are harvested from the nape of the neck (where hair loss does not occur), and then are transplanted to the areas where they are needed. For this reason, there is no such a possibility that hair will not be able to take hold and fall out.


Eyebrow Lift

Eyebrow lift is surgical procedure that changes general facial expression. It is performed on eyebrows that make the individual look tired. Thanks to this operation, the eyebrows revealing the beauty of the face and eyes will look rested, young, fresh, bright and clear. Vertical and horizontal lines that develop on our forehead get deeper over time, making us look older than we are. These lines are also known as facial expression lines. They reveal our age and also make us look tired. It is known that sagging of our eyebrows is also likely to be experienced due to diseases, besides the familiar conditions. The primary ones of such diseases are tumors, facial paralyses and postoperative conditions. Surely, our eyebrows have the most important position in terms of our facial appearance. It is because our eyebrows feature our glances and facial expressions, giving meaning to our face. In brow lift, your eyebrows should be determined in accordance with your face shape, and then the operation should be done accordingly. Brow lift is a surgical procedure performed by freeing the tissues accessed through a small incision made in your scalp, and then suspending them upward. Since the operation is done through the scalp, scars will not be visible when looked at from outside. You will feel no serious pain after surgery, and will be able to return to your daily life immediately.

What procedures are performed before brow lift?

The person who is a candidate for brow lift is first evaluated. The position of the eyebrows and whether or not the patient has wrinkles are considered. This process is followed by the planning process of the operation. The eyebrows positioned differently in women and men are planned to be above the supraorbital rim in women, and lie along the supraorbital rim in men.

In what conditions should brow lift be preferred?

Brow lift should be preferred for eliminating wrinkles on your forehead, droopy brows, and frowned eyebrows, as well as for changing the expression created by the eyelids. If the person complains about these conditions or if the expression of his/her eyebrows have changed due to a previous disease, this surgical operation will be necessary.

How long does brow lift surgery take?

Brow lift surgery takes 20 to 60 minutes, depending on the procedure to be performed. Brow lift is can be performed under local anesthesia or general anesthesia. After the procedure, the patient can easily go home and return to his/her work. Brow lift is a surgical procedure that gives very good results, whereby an eyebrow shape requested by the patient can be easily achieved.

What will I experience after brow lift?

Brow lift procedures are surgical operations that can be performed very easily. After surgery, you can easily eat and stand up, and can be discharged the same day. After surgery, there will be an elastic bandage on your forehead, which will be removed the next day. Then you can easily take a bath and return to work.
A certain period of time after surgery, you will have to come for postoperative controls. At these controls, adaptation of the eyebrow to its new position will be checked. After surgery, you will have to abstain from tiring your eyebrow too much and be careful when making gestures.

Does the result of brow lift change later on?

By considering your aging process and the negative effects of gravity, you may expect to see some droop in your eyebrow after brow lift. However, this is a long-lasting procedure, and for this reason, its result will be long-lasting.


Arm Lift (Brachioplasty)

Sagging back part and inner sides of the upper arm mostly appear with the excess fat accumulations and sagging skin. Other causes of sagging are related to old age, gravity and intermittent weight loss. It is because the skin and subcutaneous tissues in these regions are looser. The rate of sags and accumulated adipose tissues differ from person to person. Therefore, each patient to be treated with arm lift surgery should be evaluated individually.  Arm lift operations can be performed alone or in conjunction with breast reduction, breast lift, abdominoplasty, leg lift, ad liposuction. Arm lift surgery should be performed in an adequately equipped hospital. The surgery is done under general anesthesia, and takes about 1 to 3 hours. Spending the first postoperative day under medical supervision in the hospital would be enough because there will be no pain to a disturbing degree.

What is the arm lift procedure, and who are suitable candidates for it?

The procedure that involves the removal of excess fat and excess skin in the arms of a person, in such a way as to make the arms look slimmer and tighter, is referred to as arm lift (brachioplasty) Arm lift operations are usually performed on women over the age of 40. The arm lift procedure can be performed on anyone who has excess fat and excess skin in his/her arm and feels uncomfortable with the resultant appearance.

 What are the points to take into consideration before arm lift?

As in all surgeries, you have to stop smoking and the use of aspirin, blood thinners and other similar substances approximately 3 weeks before arm lift surgery. Immediately before surgery, you will also need to give your doctor the required information about your general state of health and the medications you use. You should also avoid using certain pain reliever drugs including Apranax, Vermidon, and Voltaren, multivitamin pills, herbal products such as green tea, tomato seeds, cherry stalks, and flaxseed, and all weight loss products.

How are arm lift operations carried out?

The arm lift procedure is started by making an “L-shaped” incision extending from the armpit towards the neck. Usually the arm is made tighter by only removing the excess skin from the patient. However, when performed on patients with extremely thick arms, the arm lift procedure includes liposuction as well. If this procedure is added, the surgery becomes more successful. The surgical procedure is performed under general anesthesia, and the operation time ranges from half an hour to three hours.

What will I experience after arm lift operation?

Patients can be discharged after arm lift surgery. There will be a protective bandage on the sutures for two postoperative days. Since all sutures remain under the skin, there is no need to remove them. At the end of two days, patients can easily take a bath. During the first three postoperative weeks, patients should avoid excessive arm movements. The biggest problem to be encountered after arm lift surgery will be the surgical scars left on the arms. Such scars are not scars that can be seen when viewed from the front. Since the scars will be on the inner sides of the arms, they will be seen by only the patient. If these scars heal without any problem, they will become indistinct after six months. You will need to wear a corset continuously for 4 weeks after the arm lift operation. On the 5th day after surgery, the wound dressing will be changed for the first time. You may have mild drowsiness, bruising and edema in this process, but they will go away quickly. You can easily get back to work within the first postoperative week.

Will the result of arm lift be permanent?

Because the aging process will continue after arm lift surgery, the skin will get loose to a certain extent. The subsequent weight gains and losses will accelerate this process. However, your arms will never return to their former condition. Patients should watch their weight and do regular exercise after surgery, in order to be able to sustain the result.


Gluteoplasty (Buttock Reshaping)

Gluteoplasty is a surgical procedure performed to lift the buttocks, and rarely to make the buttocks less prominent. The lower back, hip and buttock anatomies are treated as a whole. The process to be carried out is determined and a design suitable for the body of the person is made in accordance with the anatomical factors. Surgical procedures performed in gluteoplasty are liposuction-lipofilling, stretching and silicone implant placement. Generally fat is taken from the back, belly and lower back region, and then is injected into the buttocks region. However, if there is not enough fat in the patient, buttock augmentation is performed with silicon buttock implants by performing a second procedure. Gluteoplasty is a surgical procedure performed under general or local anesthesia. The operation time usually ranges from 1 to 1.5 hours. After surgery, a special corset is put on the patient for a period of 2 weeks. The patient will be able to get back to work 3 days after surgery. If buttock implants will be used in a gluteoplasty operation, the operation will be performed under general anesthesia. The operation lasts about 4 hours, and the patient needs to stay in the hospital overnight. The patient can easily return to work 5 days after surgery.

What should I do before gluteoplasty surgery?

As recommended in all surgeries, you have to stop smoking and the use of aspirin, blood thinners and other similar substances 3 week before gluteoplasty surgery. You need to use certain pain reliever drugs including Apranax, Vermidon, Voltaren, etc.. If you need to use any other pain reliever drug, you can use Novalgin and Minoset. You should also avoid using multivitamin pills, herbal products such as flaxseed, green tea, tomato seeds and cherry stalks, and all weight loss products.

What will I experience after gluteoplasty surgery?

Gluteoplasty is a surgical procedure performed under general anesthesia. This surgical procedure takes about 1.5 hours, on average. The patient can be discharged on the day of surgery or the next day after the surgery. Since all sutures remain under the skin, there is no need to remove sutures. Patients should not lie on their back, for the first two days. Patients are then allowed to sit, and they can easily take shower. After the first postoperative week, the patient can get back to his/her normal life; however, she needs to wait a month for heavy sports activities.

Will I feel the buttock implants after gluteoplasty?

Buttock implants are initially felt but they will normally become imperceptible over time (approximately 2 months after the gluteoplasty surgery). Then the patient will feel the implants as if they were parts of his/her body.

Will the result of gluteoplasty be permanent?

The result of reshaping of the lower back and buttocks, and the effect of buttock implants are permanent. Suspension operations involving the removal of excess skin are also effective, which give permanent results. Patients should watch their weight, maintain their skincare routine, and do regular exercise, in order to be able to sustain the nice result obtained with surgery.

Does gluteoplasty has sex-dependent differences?

Of course, gluteoplasty performed on women differs from gluteoplasty performed on men. Men often feel uncomfortable with the bigness of their buttocks, whereas women feel uncomfortable with the smallness of their buttocks. Therefore, gluteoplasty surgery is performed in line with the demands of men and women.