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Lasek Surgery

Lasek Surgery

Lasek is performed by removing the epithelium of the eye with the help of alcohol solution. Once the laser is applied, the epithelium is placed back in its site. In Lasek method, extremely safe results are achieved. Burning, stinging and watering problems may occur in the 2 to 3 postoperative days. Within a week, clear vision will be obtained. A clear result can be achieved in the third postoperative month of Lasek treatment. However, patients can continue their normal life without wearing glasses during this period. The primary candidates for the Lasek treatment procedure are patients, who are inoperable in terms of lasik surgery due to their thinner transparent layer.  Lasek treatment can be applied to such patients, regardless of the thickness of the transparent layer. Lasek treatment is one of the laser techniques preferred in the treatment of myopia, hypermetropia, and astigmatism. In cases where the cornea is not thick enough for lasik treatment, lasek treatment is applied. In Lasek treatment, the eye is numbed by only numbing drops. The patient feels no pain during the operation. A contact lens is placed on the eye to accelerate the self-renewal process of the epithelium, and protect the eye. A few days after the operation, the contact lens is removed by the doctor.

How is lasek treatment performed?

In a Lasek treatment, first the eye is numbed with the help of numbing drops. The eye contour area is cleaned and covered with a sterile cover. A device called “blepharostat” is placed on the eyelids to prevent blinking. The epithelium, the uppermost layer of the cornea, is made looser with the help of alcohol. The laser application is then started on the cornea. At this stage, the flap of epithelium stripped and folded to the side is placed back onto the cornea. The doctor place a contact lens on the eye, and then antibiotic drops are applied. The blepharostat placed before starting the treatment to prevent blinking is removed, and the operation is completed.

What is the difference of the lasek procedure from the others?

In lasik treatment, a flap is taken from the transparent layer but in lasek treatment, only the epithelium layer is removed. Its difference from the PRK procedure is the fact that the epithelium layer removed in PRK is preserved in the Lasek procedure. This ensures less pain and shorter healing period in the Lasek procedure. Lasek treatment is a simpler procedure compared to lasik treatment. However, its post-treatment period may be a little bit longer than that of the other.

What is the characteristic of the lasek procedure?

The most prominent feature of lasek treatment is its applicability in patients with a cornea thickness inoperable in terms of lasik treatment, although they have a mild visual impairment such as myopia up to -3 D (dioptres) and astigmatism up to 3 D. In Lasek treatment, the eye is numbed with numbing drops. No pain or ache is felt during the operation. After surgery, the doctor places a contact lens on the eye to protect it and accelerate the self-renewal process of the epithelium, and he/she removes it after several days.

What will I experience after lasek treatment?

After lasek treatment, soft non-optical lenses are placed on your eyes to accelerate the healing process. The lenses are removed under the supervision of the doctor, after achieving recovery a few days later. Since lasek treatment is simpler than other procedures, it can be completed within 5 to 10 minutes and causes no pain during operation. Because the healing process of lasek treatment takes a little bit longer, pain, watering, stinging and blurred vision may occur within the 3 to 5 postoperative days. The vision will begin to become clear after a week.

What are the points that I need to take into consideration after lasek treatment?

As with all laser treatments, there is no need to cover the eyes with bandages after lasek treatment. Eye drops to be given after treatment should be used carefully and appropriately. You are advised not to touch your eyes and not take a bath for the first 24 hours. After the 24 hours, you can return to your normal life. Problems such as stinging and watering eyes experienced in the first several hours are quite normal. You can continue your life without complaints a week after surgery.

Relex Smile

Relex Smile

ReLEx (Refractive LEnticule Extraction) SMILE (SMall Incision Lenticule Extaction) is a new non-surgical treatment procedure performed at prestigious clinics in the world. It differs from the classical laser treatment with its characteristics that it does not involve flap taking process and does not require a second laser application. Relex Smile is an ideal procedure performed especially on occupational groups at the risk of being exposed to impact, as well as patients with advanced myopia. Relex Smile, a non-surgical procedure performed to treat myopia and astigmatism in a way specific to the patient, makes it possible to treat myopia of up to −12 D (dioptres) and astigmatism of up to 5 D. The primary advantage of Relex Smile treatment is that it allows for laser operation on thin corneas. In addition, it has some other advantages such as providing better preservation of the corneal biomechanics, easier one-step operation, and results closest to the natural condition. The Relex Smile treatment begins with making a fine lenticule in the cornea by using laser light. The surgeon then removes this tissue, formed to correct the refractive error, through the 3-4 mm incision formed on the cornea. Once he/she corrects the refractive error by removing the lenticule formed in the cornea, the operation is completed. Since it does not involve having a corneal flap, the corneal biomechanics is less affected than other laser surgeries.

What is the short description of Relex Smile?

Relex Smile is a pain-and ache-free non-surgical laser treatment procedure performed at prestigious clinics in the world, in a way specific to the patient. With the Relex Smile procedure, results closest to the natural condition can be achieved, and less eye dryness can be ensured.

What are the features of the Relex Smile procedure?

The primary feature of the Relex Smile procedure is that it allows for a non-surgical operation. Allowing for one step surgery, preservation of the corneal structure, applications on fine corneas, results closest to the natural condition, less eye dryness, safe healing, and applicability for advanced myopia and astigmatism cases are its most important features.
What are the steps of the Relex Smile procedure?

First, a fine lenticule, i.e. a piece of tissue is created on the top transparent layer of the cornea by using laser light. The surgeon then removes this tissue, formed to correct the refractive error, through the 3-4 mm incision formed on the cornea. Once the refractive error is corrected by removing the lenticule formed in the cornea, the operation is completed.



Normally our eyes move symmetrically in the same direction. Each of our eyes has six extraocular muscles that enable them to move. These are superior rectus muscle, inferior rectus muscle, lateral rectus muscle, medial rectus muscle, superior oblique muscle, and inferior oblique muscle. When our eyes do not move symmetrically, and if at least one of these muscles weakness or excessive power, strabismus appears. Strabismus can be seen as a permanent or temporary, congenital or acquired disorder in children and adults. It can be in one or both eyes and the deviation can be inward, outward, or in any direction. In case of a cross-eye condition, two different images appear in our brain. Our brain perceives this deviated image, and this causes loss of vision. As in all treatments, early diagnosis is very important in strabismus treatment. Strabismus examination can be performed on children of all ages; however, it should be performed on especially children under the age of four. Inability to achieve early diagnosis will create aesthetic and psychological problems. Besides these, it will also cause life-long vision problems. In strabotomy operations, the power of the extraocular muscles around the eyeballs are increased, reduced or the points where they are effective are changed. Strabismus operations can be performed under local anesthesia, but usually general anesthesia is preferred. For this reason, it will not be an operation requiring you to stay in the hospital for a long time. After the surgery, you will rest for a few hours and then become able to go home. Since self-dissolving sutures will be used on your eye, you will not need to come to the hospital for the removal of the sutures.

What are the signs and symptoms of strabismus?

Loss of symmetry in the positions of the eyes, double vision, headache, lacrimation, loss of three-dimensional vision, blurred vision, and tilting head to the side are the most common signs and symptoms of strabismus.

What are the types of strabismus?

Strabismus is given different names depending on the direction of the eye misalignment. The types of strabismus are called esotropia (i.e. inward strabismus), exotropia (i.e. outward strabismus), hypotropia (i.e. upward strabismus), and hypertropia (i.e. downward strabismus).

Does strabismus appear genetically?

Strabismus is a disease that occurs in occurs in approximately 2% to 4% of the population. Genetic predisposition is known to be a particular factor in for its occurrence. Therefore, if there are individuals who have strabismus, poor vision, or who wear eyeglasses in your family, you should not neglect to get examined as soon as possible.

Is early diagnosis important in surgery?

As in all diseases and surgeries, early diagnosis is very important in strabismus treatment. Strabismus does not cause only deterioration of eyesight and amblyopia. If it is not diagnosed early, it can lead to very important eye diseases or tumors. Strabismus begins at an early age. The later its treatment is started, the more difficult its treatment will be.

How is strabotomy performed on infants?

The surgical procedure performed on infants is not different from the surgical procedure performed on adults. However, there are several adjustments required to be made during the surgery planning, in accordance with the age of the baby as well as the characteristics of his/her eye.



Cataract is the most common problem among eye problems. In a healthy eye, the lens is transparent, and gives a clear vision. However, if the lenses look cloudy, opaque and an unclear, such a condition is called ‘cataract’. Cataract is not a condition that can be eliminated by using eyeglasses and medications. Surgery is the only treatment option for cataract. Cataract surgery is today a painless procedure that can be performed without injections and anesthesia. The patient can go home immediately after surgery. There are two things you need to consider before having cataract surgery. The first is the experience of your physician, and the second is the quality of the lens to be placed in the eye. If the lens is poor-quality, postoperative problems may occur in the eyes. Cataract is a disease usually seen in middle-aged and older people. However, it is also a disease that occurs in newborn babies, people who have used steroid drugs for a certain period of time, diabetic patients and people who have suffered physical impacts to their eye. Cataract causes certain signs and symptoms including vision loss, blurred vision, loss of night time vision, sensitivity to glare, double vision, fading and yellowing of colors, and difficulty in reading. Apart from these, vision disorders associated with eyeglasses problems are confused with cataracts. If a blurred vision problem experienced when looking from short or long distance is solved by wearing glasses, it is not related to cataract. A cataractous eye sees inefficaciously and blurred despite wearing eyeglasses.

How is a cataract surgery performed and how long does it take?

Cataract surgery is a painless procedure that can be performed without injections and anesthesia. Microsurgery is needed in a cataract surgery. In this surgical procedure performed without suturing process, first a 2.2 mm incision is made in the eye. Then the inside of the eye lens that has lost its transparency is cleaned with the help of a device emitting ultrasonic sound waves. The artificial lens is inserted into the eye, and then the surgery is completed without needing to suture the incision site because it involves a small incision. The duration of operation varies depending on the type of cataract. However, it takes 15 to 30 minutes on average. When the preoperative and postoperative periods of cataract surgery are taken into account, the time you will need to spend in the hospital is 3 hours on average.

What is the right time for cataract surgery?

Cataract surgery does not require waiting. When a cataract reaches a certain level, our visual acuity becomes poorer to an uncomfortable extent. It would be appropriate to have the surgery when the problem is at that level. If you are in a bad condition such as diabetes and high eye pressure, you may need to be operated at an earlier stage. If you wait for having a cataract surgery, your intra-ocular lens will become opaque as well as harder. It is a little more difficult to break the cataract in cases of hard cataracts. Therefore, it would be best to have the surgery once you notice the cataract.

How long does a cataract surgery take, and what is the length of time required to recover from it? Will sutures be placed on my eye?

The length of your recovery period after cataract surgery varies depending on the difficulty level of your surgery and the hardness of the cataract. You begin to see clearly within a couple of days to a week after surgery. With today’s technology, cataract surgeries give very successful results. Since it involves a micro incision, there will be no need to suture the incision on the eye.

Can my both eyes be operated in the same cataract surgery? Do I need to stay in the hospital after the surgery?

In cataract surgeries, the possibility of infection should be considered and two eye surgeries should not be performed within the same day. If the both eyes need to be operated, you will have to wait for 2 days for the other operation. There is no need to stay in the hospital after cataract surgery because these surgeries can be applied on an outpatient basis. It will be adequate to rest for a few hours after surgery.

Do I need to wear glasses after cataract surgery?

In cataract surgery, a single-focus lens implant is placed on the eye. The lens is adjusted in such a way as to correct distance vision. You will not need to wear eyeglasses for distance vision, but you will need to wear glasses for near vision. As long as you prefer, a multi-focused lens implant can be placed on your eye during cataract surgery. With this lens, you can see both near and far very comfortably.

Lasik Surgery

Lasik Surgery

Lasik treatment is a procedure performed to treat focusing disorders. The Lasik treatment procedure begins with the numbing of the cornea located at the outermost part of the eye. A few drops of medication would be adequate for numbing. By this means, the patient suffers no pain during treatment. A thin flap is then removed from the transparent layer of the eye, and laser beam is applied to the layer. The flap is placed back in its place, and the procedure is ended. This treatment takes about 2 to 3 minutes for each eye. After Lasik treatment, the patient does not need to stay in the hospital and can be discharged after an examination. During this process, the patient may experience certain problems such as pain, blurred vision, watering eye, and stinging sensation in the eyes for several hours. Anyone who has turned 18, and whose eye-glasses number has not changed in the last year, are a suitable candidate for Lasik treatment. If the patient wears contact lenses, he/she needs to stop wearing them several weeks before the lasik treatment. Lasik is a treatment procedure performed to treat myopia, astigmatism and hypermetropia. What is important in this treatment is the suitability of the eye structure rather than the eye-glasses number. It will be adequate to use medications for a week after the Lasik treatment. You should protect your eyes from water contact and wear appropriate sunglasses more frequently for a period of a month after the operation.

How is the lasik procedure performed? Will I feel pain?

A thin flap is lifted from the top of the cornea layer, and then laser is applied to the layer to correct the defects, and then the flap is placed back in its place. You will feel no pain during the operation, thanks to anesthetic drops to be applied to your eyes. The eyelids will be kept open during the operation, by means of lid openers. Since you will not be able to see the laser beam at that moment, you will be asked to look at the red light. You will feel no discomfort or pain in your healing process after the operation.

What is the appropriate age range for laser treatment?

This treatment procedure is not performed on people under 18 years of age. The lower age limit is 18 but there is no upper age limit. However, as age progresses, you will need to have eye examinations to know if this treatment is suitable for you.

How long does a lasik surgery take? Does bleeding occur during surgery?

Lasik surgery takes about 2 to 3 minutes for each eye. The surgery will involve no difficulty because it will last too short. Since the veinless cornea layer of the eye will be operated, bleeding will not occur. You will feel no pain because the procedure will be performed under anesthesia. However, you may experience pain, eye watering and stinging sensation in the eye for a period of 5 to 6 hours after surgery.

Would it be risky to move my head and eyes during the lasik operation?

Moving your head and eyes during the operation will pose no risk. The most important feature of lasik operation is its ability to ensure your safety at the highest level, by means of its eye tracking system. This is because our eyes will move unintentionally, no matter how we will be careful not to move them. For achieving this, the eye needs to be precisely centered. Even if your eye then moves, the laser beam will move in the same direction. When you move also your head with your eye, the procedure will be stopped. Once your doctor properly positions your head, the procedure will resume.

What will I experience after lasik treatment? What are the points to take into consideration?

Because your eyes will not be covered with bandages after lasik treatment, you will be able to be discharged the same day. If you apply the eye drops regularly and do not touch your eyes in the first postoperative 24 hours, you will recover very quickly. It is normal to feel a mild pain, stinging sensation and watering in the eyes for a few hours after the operation. Once you get through this process, you can get back to you your daily life, and can go to work the next day. Wearing sunglasses more carefully after the operation will protect you against the sun’s rays.